중소기업연구 43권 3호 (2021년 09월)
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Comparative Analysis of Survival Period by Technological Capabilities of Innovative SMEs in the Service Industry
  • - Lee (Korea Credit Information Services)
  • - Jun-won
[Abstract]
The survival period according to technological capability was analyzed
for about 22,500 innovative SMEs in the service industry. The survival period was
defined as the occurrence of overdue and default, and the technological capability
was divided into two clusters. As a result of estimating the survival period according
to technological capability through Kaplan-Meier analysis, it was confirmed that
the estimated survival period of T1-T4 grade service innovative SMEs was
significantly greater in both overdue and default. As a result of the analysis of
the Cox proportional hazard model applying the control variable, it was confirmed
that the higher technological capability, the lower the risk in the group of start-up
companies. However, in the group of non-start-up companies the technological
capability did not significantly affect the survival period, and the influence of the
variables related to the size of the company was found to increase. Therefore, the
technological capability is meaningful as additional information that has a significant
effect on the survival period of innovative SMEs in the start-up companies group
of service industry. In addition, it was concluded that it is necessary to reflect
the technological capability when establishing the SME support and promotion policy
of the start-up companies group in the service industry.
The Impacts of R&D Capabilities of Small Companies on Organizational Competences and R&D Commercializing Performances
  • - Sun-Ha Kim (University of Suwon)
  • - Jin-Hwan Hong (University of Suwon)
  • - Hun-Hee Lee (University of Hansung)
[Abstract]
Since R&D (Research and Development) of small companies is becoming
more and more important, and government R&D grants are still increasing. This
study aims to investigate the factors influencing R&D performance of small companies
and necessary capabilities of them. Based on empirical study of 3,636 small companies
which participated and completed government R&D grant project, technology
innovation capability and technology commercializing capability of small companies
are positively related with organizational competences, with moderating effects of
entrepreneurship. In addition, their R&D capabilities are not significantly related
with R&D commercializing performance directly, but mediated with organizational
competences. The results of study suggest implications of measuring the R&D
performance of small companies and government support policy with the importance
of organizational competences as an intermediate variable of R&D performances.
Collective Psychological Ownership and Organizational Performance in Co-operatives: The Mediator Effect of Shared Leadership
  • - Ji-A Park (Sungkonghoe University)
  • - Sun-Hee Lee (Sungkonghoe University)
  • - Hyo-Jin Shin (Hankyoreh Economy and Society Research Institute)
  • - Sang-Youn Lee (Sungkonghoe University)
[Abstract]
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the collective
psychological ownership (CPO) of the board of directors of cooperatives on
organizational performance, and to find out the mediator effect of shared leadership
between CPO and organizational performance. In this study, we collected a data
set of the survey of 453 directors from 78 local consumer cooperatives of iCOOP
Korea. The study found that the CPO of the board of directors of consumer cooperatives
had a positive impact on the social performance and activity performance of the
organization. More importantly, the mediator effect of shared leadership between
CPO and performance was statistically significant. These results suggest that
strengthening CPO on the board is necessary for the performance of co-operatives,
and that shared leadership is an important medium for linking CPO to performance.
A Study on the Pursuit of Social and Economic Values in Social Enterprises as Hybrid Organizations
  • - Ji-Hoon Park (Hanyang University)
  • - Ribin Seo (ohang University of Science and Technology)
[Abstract]
Organization and management scholars have researched social enterprises
as hybrid organizations. However, research on the organizational uniqueness of social
enterprises as hybrids is limited, especially comparing their organizational
characteristics with other traditional types of organizations. Thus, this study attempted
to compare social enterprises with traditional for-profit and not-for-profit organizations
in the aspect of their organizational hybridity by using the data of the Social Value
Survey. The results showed that the orientation of social enterprises in pursuing dual
values is weaker than the other two types of organizations. Meanwhile, the results
revealed that the extent to which an organization operates for realizing dual values
is strongest in social enterprises among the three types of organizations. These findings
add to the understanding of social enterprises’ organizational hybridity in organization
and management studies.
The effect of international entrepreneurial orientation of Chinese manufacturing export Company on export performance: the mediating effect of absorption capacity
  • - Yuyi Chen (Pusan National University)
  • - Seunghun Yu (Pusan National University)
[Abstract]
The purpose of this study is to study the effect of internatioanl
entrepreneurial orientation of small and medium-sized Chinese manufacturing
companies on export performance. A total of 183 corporate data were used for empirical
analysis for Chinese manufacturing export companies.
In summary, first, international entrepreneurial orientation was shown to have a
significant positive effect on export performance, second, international etrprenurial
orientation was shown to have a significant positive effect on absorption capacity,
and third, the stronger environmental dynamics and network capacity, the stronger
international business orientation and export ability. The implications of this study
are summarized as follows.
It suggests that the more innovative, enterprising and risk-taking Chinese SMEs
are, the better their export performance and the better their ability to absorb foreign
knowledge. It also suggests that small business managers must continue to strengthen
their network capabilities to improve export performance through international
entrepreneurial orientation, and this relationship is further strengthened in a dynamic
environment. It also suggests that the impact of firm’s absorption capacity on export
performance will weaken over time.