JSBI(기업가정신과 벤처연구) 21권 1호 (2018년 04월)
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Venture Capital Syndicate Diversity: Three Types and their Effects on Performance
This study investigates the relationship between venture capital (hereafter, VC) syndicate diversity and the IPO performance of an entrepreneurial company backed by the syndicate. Specifically, focusing on three types of diversity within a VC syndicate, which are aligned with Harrison and Klein’s seminal categorization in 2007 (i.e., separation, variety, and disparity), this study suggests their distinct effects on performance. Two stage least square analyses with 1,127 VC syndicate investments made by 6,268 VC firms strongly supported the hypotheses. The results showed that that capacity diversity decreases the performance and that expertise diversity and network diversity increase it.
Comparison of Collaborative Cooperation between Large and Small-Medium Enterprises and its Implications
- - Hyuck-Jun Song (Duksung Women’s University)
- - Sewon Kwon (Sejong University)
As global competition has become more intense in recent years, collaborative cooperation and shared growth between large and small enterprises for enhancing competitiveness of enterprises have become an important social concern. In the long run, collaborative cooperation between large and small enterprises is becoming more important not only in terms of enhancing corporate competitiveness but also in terms of CSR and CSV. In fact, many large companies are strengthening collaborative cooperation. This study compares and analyzes collaborative cooperation cases of major Chaebol companies including Samsung Electronics, and derive implications for collaborative cooperation plan of large companies.
Analysis of Government’s Supporting Policy for SMEs: Focusing on GRIs
- - Jinmin Kim (Korea University)
- - Jaebum Hong (Pukyoung National University)
SMEs need a strategy to respond to rapid changes in the global business environment of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. In order to overcome such a business environment, SMEs must concentrate on the core competency. Because of the structural characteristics of SMEs, government support is very important, as it is difficult for SMEs to carry out the entire supply chain role. The support of GRIs is very important for ensuring competitiveness through technological innovation of SMEs. Recently, the construction of SMEs network for business expansion is demanded. SMEs can form networks to induce synergistic effects. In order to secure the competitiveness of SMEs by utilizing the advantages of mutually cooperating networks, the necessity of cooperation of SMEs is increasing. The government has proposed various support programs to support network cooperation. In this research, in order to derive an effective strategy of the SME support program, we analyzed the difference in necessity and satisfaction of the GRIs support program. We analyze the differences between government policies and perceptions for SMEs and to derive strategies for supporting SMEs in a systematic approach for the development of SMEs. In a situation where research to revitalize SMEs is insufficient, in consideration of the market demand of SMEs, we grasp the problems of the current system and try to guide improvement strategies. Also, we suggest policies that can derive and utilize support strategies for SMEs. From a long-term perspective, research related SMEs must be conducted and a sustainable support program for SMEs must be developed.
Economic Effect of South Korea’s Self-Employed Support
- - Woo-Hyoung Kim (Kyunghee University)
South Korea’s percentage of the self-employed still ranks among the highest amid OECD nations and thus is perceived to be a huge burden on the national economy. Accordingly, the government is continuing its support with the expectation that a support policy is needed for the self-employed. However, few analytic studies exist so far on the economic effect of the government’s support of the self-employed. Thus, this study analyzes the practical effect of the government’s self-employed support. According to the estimation result while determining the sales amount of the self-employed, the labor input, business period, age, gender, prior business preparation period, and the experience variable of the self-employed support policy are shown to be significant. The result of this study provides an important practical guideline on the political factors that should be prioritized when the government politically supports the self-employed.