학회지
중소기업연구
JSBI
학회게재논문
 
학회사무국
JSBI(기업가정신과 벤처연구) 20권 1호 (2017년 03월)
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Does Tax Really Matter in Planning the Dongbu Group’s Spin-Offs?
  • - Byung Wook Jun (University of Seoul)
  • - Hyeong Tae Cho (Hongik University)
[Abstract]
This study examined whether divided and spun-off companies design and ute spin-offs to minimize tax burdens by analyzing multiple spin-off transactions in the Dongbu Group, when the Korean tax law regarding corporate restructuring was amended in July 2010.
Before the July 2010 tax amendment, taxes on the capital gains arising from the qualifying spin-off were deferred to the earlier of the shares in or assets acquired by the spun-off company are disposed. This tax treatment relieves the divided company’s tax burden by deferring taxes on capital gains, compared with non-qualifying spin-offs. However, if shares in or assets acquired by the spun-off company are disposed after the July 2010 tax amendment, the capital gain incurred at the time of the qualifying spin-off would be taxed again at the spun-off company, in addition to a taxation on the divided company’s capital gains. This creates double taxation implications for the parties involved in the spin-off. As a result, the double taxation may outweigh the benefit from the tax deferral on the qualifying spin-off, which may make a qualifying spin-off tax unfavorable.
Among the four spin-off cases in the Dongbu Group addressed in this study, a spin-off occurred before the tax amendment, whereas three spin-offs occurred after the tax amendment. Initially, we expected that the spin-off before the tax amendment would be a qualifying spin-off, and the other three spin-offs would be non-qualifying spin-offs, considering the taxation rules before and after the July 2010 tax amendment. However, based on the review of summarized balance sheets disclosed in the spin-offs’ corporate filings, no capital gains arose during the four spin-offs that occurred in the Dongbu Group. Therefore, we concluded that the Dongbu Group considered non-tax factors more than tax factors while designing and uting the spin-offs. The local media posited during this period that these spin-offs may intend to resolve financial issues in the Dongbu Group, and this analysis was supported by the fact that some shares in the new spun-off companies were sold by the Dongbu Group.
Our case studies provide evidence that all costs, including both tax and non-tax costs, must be considered in the course of spin-offs, in addition to the tax burdens on all parties involved in the corporate restructuring, which parallels the work of Scholes et al. (2008). This study provides implications that various aspects should be considered and reviewed in advance when the management makes decisions for effective tax planning.
The Impact of Self-Employment on the National Economy
  • - Woohyoung Kim (Kyunghee University)
[Abstract]
In this paper, we suggest proper policy directions through an analysis onthe impact of changes in self-employment on the national economy. In other words, we intend to identify the current status of self-employment jobs and present policy directions for supporting self-employed workers. In order to grasp the dynamic relationship of variables, we used a VAR model to measure the impact of self-employment job fluctuations and macroeconomic variables on each other. The analysis results demonstrate that an exogenous shock to the ratio of self-employed workers does not show a significant impact on the nominal growth ratio. However, when the analysis was done separately on an exogenous shock to the ratio of self-employed workers with employees and without employees, an increase in the ratio of self-employed workers with employees showed a positive impact on nominal growth. On the other hand, an increase in the ratio of self-employed workers without employees showeda negative impact on nominal growth. In future studies, it will be necessary to do additional analysis on quarterly data to estimate the short-term impact of macroeconomic variables on changes in the ratio of self-employed workers.
An Exploratory Empirical Study on Shopping Choice in Retail Channels by the ive Characteristics of Foods
  • - Kwang-Ok Ha (Chung-Ang University)
  • - Jung-Hee Lee (Chung-Ang University)
[Abstract]
The purpose of this study is to obtain the implications for establishing a marketing strategy for retailers by analyzing whether the consumer’s preference for products (food) is influenced by on-line, off-line, and omni-channel preferences. The research model consisted of the effects of consumers’ food ion characteristics on business preference and omni channel preference. The results of analysis based on 477 questionnaires are summarized as follows.
First, food purchasing characteristics that utilize the seven characteristics of ① freshness of food, ② taste, ③ quality and safety, ④ tasting, ⑤ food function and information, ⑥ country of origin, and ⑦ brand loyalty, has various effects on types of business preference, omni-channel preference. The adopted hypotheses were ed in order of brand loyalty (5 times), freshness (3 times), tasting (3 times), and origin (1 time). The ive attributes on foods are: (1) what kind of brand, (2) how good the freshness is, (3) tasting. ④ The country of origin is to be compressed. Actually consumers seem to utilize only the core ive factors that are appropriate to the characteristics of the distribution channel rather than all of them in the shopping of the food, and there is three characteristics on Convenience Store and only one or two factors in the other types of business. Second, in the analysis of the omni -channel preference analysis, food ion characteristics has been shown to have a limited effect, which is attributed to the fact that the consumer has not yet understood the concept of omni channel. Third, the results of this study suggest that there is a need to reflect the ion characteristics of foods that have diverse influences by business type in the marketing strategies. Because consumers make reasonable consumption to use both on-line and off-line simultaneously, consumers who use Omni Channel focus on quality and safety of food, identify products through tasting, pursue brands that can trust anywhere. Customers who pursue rationality will have a high preference for using Omni Channel. Product choice characteristic has significant effect on omni-channel preference. For a few years, omni-channel strategy of retailers meets with a difficulty. This study make a first attempt to study omni-channel preference changing retailing paradigm.
Fast Close: A Case of Financial Close Process Automation
  • - Dae-Hyun Kwon (Sookmyung Women’s University)
  • - Tae-Sik Ahn (Seoul National University)
  • - Iny Hwang (Seoul National University)
  • - Jin-Ha Park (Soongsil University)
[Abstract]
Closing the book for the recent accounting period and issuing financial statements is one of the most common challenges for companies. This study examines a case of an automated financial close process and discusses issues related to its implementation. First, the study introduces the closing process of a case company including the purpose, improvement plan, and designing process. Second, the study discusses the impacts of the newly adopted system. Specifically, it reveals that under the new plan, close process automation has been maximized. It also shows that raw data validation has been improved so that past data errors can be categorized by their types and removed before the closing process begins. The order of the process has also been redefined saving closing time. Third and finally, difficulties and considerations for successful use of the system have been discussed. This study aims to provide useful information to companies which consider implementing more organized closing systems. We expect that this study will be helpful to small and medium enterprises which suffer from delayed closing but have little experience with automated BPM system.